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  3. 學習啦>學習方法>通用學習方法>復習方法>《中考語文重難點知識的復習》正文

    中考語文重難點知識的復習

    時間:2015-10-12 08:28:49本文內容及圖片來源于讀者投稿,如有侵權請聯系xuexila888@qq.com 淑航 我要投稿

      在中考語文的復習中,我們要理清重難點的問題。下面是學習啦小編收集整理的中考語文重難點的知識內容以供同學們學習。

      中考語文常見的寫作方法、表現手法:

      聯想、想像、象征(托物言志)、比較、對比、襯托、反襯、烘托、以小見大、借景抒情(情景交融)、伏筆和鋪墊、前后照應(呼應)、直接(間接)描寫、揚抑(欲揚先抑、欲抑先揚)。

      (1)象征(托物言志):通過詠物來抒情,常常借助于某些具體植物、動物、物品等的一些特性,委婉曲折地將作者的感情表達出來。

      作用:首先是它把抽象的事理表現為具體的可感知的形象。其次是可以使文章更含蓄些,運用眼前之物,寄托深遠之意。

      (2)襯托:以他體從正面、反面兩個角度陪襯本體。作用:突出本體的××特征。

      (3)對比:把兩種相反的事物或一種事物相對立的兩個方面作比較。

      作用:鮮明的突出了主要事物或事物的主要方面的××特征。

      (4)借景抒情:通過描寫具體生動的自然景象或生活場景,表達作者某種真摯的思想感情。

      作用:做到情景交融,使文章充滿詩情畫意。

      (5)先抑后揚:先否定或貶低事物形象,爾后深入挖掘事物特點及內在意義,再對事物予以肯定、褒揚,作用:突出強調了事物(人物)的特征。

      (6)側面(間接)描寫:側面烘托出該人物的××性格、品行和技能,使得文章結構更加集中緊湊,表達更為簡潔精練。

      直接和間接描寫方法結合運用,可以使被描寫的人物或景物的特點更加鮮明、突出。

      (7)伏筆和鋪墊:作用:內容前后照應,情節嚴絲合縫。

      (8)照應:記敘文:使文章渾然一體,整體感強,突出主題。

      議論文:強化××論點。散文:反復地抒發××情感,增加情感的深度。

      (9)聯想:由一事物想到另一事物的心理過程。

      作用:豐富文章內容,使人物形象更豐滿,性格更鮮明突出,情節更生動感人。

      (10)想像:在原有的感性形象的基礎上,創造新形象的心理過程。

      作用:為塑造形象、表現主題服務。使讀者接受美的陶冶。

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