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  3. 學習啦>學習方法>小學學習方法>一年級方法>一年級語文>《如何有效指導一年級學生的識字寫字》正文

    如何有效指導一年級學生的識字寫字

    時間:2015-10-13 08:37:15本文內容及圖片來源于讀者投稿,如有侵權請聯系xuexila888@qq.com 若木 我要投稿

      一年級識字、寫字教學是語文教學的一項重要任務。但是,低年級學生在掌握字形方面是難點,如何突破這個難點呢?下面總結了一些方法,大家可以參考一下!

      小學一年級識字與寫字教學目標:

      一、識字與寫字:

      雙基培養目標

      1、學會漢語拼音,能正確拼讀音節。

      2、認識漢字的基本筆畫、筆順規則和常用的偏旁部首。

      3、認識常用漢字1500個。

      4、能用音序和部首查字法查字典,學習獨立識字。

    如何有效指導一年級學生的識字寫字

      創新能力培養

      1、能在生活環境中認字。

      2、能用自己獨特的方法識記生字,培養創造性識字的能力。

      學習習慣培養

      1、養成借助漢語拼音認讀生字的習慣。

      2、培養正確的寫字姿勢和執筆方法。

      3、養成不認識的字主動查字典的習慣。
     

      一年級學生識字的途徑與方法:

      剛剛入學的孩子年齡小,注意力不集中,易于疲勞!缎抡n標》提出:培養學生對漢字以及漢字學習的態度和情感,有主動識字的愿望,初步感受漢字的形體美。所以,教學時要采用多種方式方法,激發學生興趣,讓他們在興趣盎然中邊玩邊學。這樣,在充分調動學生無意注意的同時也促使其有意注意的發展。并且老師要為解決困難創設情境,以促使學生思維靈活、有創造性地發展。下面我介紹幾種趣味識字方法:

      1.編字謎。在一年級的識字教學中,我發現“編字謎”能幫助孩子們輕松地掌握一些難教的生字,經過引導,孩子們經常動腦筋編字謎在課堂上交流,課堂氣氛非;钴S,比如:朋:兩個月亮交朋友。林:兩棵樹,并排站。休:一個人靠在木頭上。息:自己的心。禾:一棵小樹苗,頭上戴草帽。思:十張口,一顆心,猜猜看,動腦筋。雷:雨點掉到田地里……孩子們不僅能編出書上出現的生字,還把這種識字方法擴展到課外,并講給家長聽,這樣不僅激發了孩子們的識字興趣,同時也鞏固了生字。達到了意想不到的效果。

      2.組字游戲。老師把一個字或幾個字的構字部件打亂順序寫在卡片上,發給每個小組一份,讓他們通過小組合作盡可能多的組字,然后小組派代表到講臺前來展示合作的效果,讓全體學生認讀,評出冠軍組。這樣,體現了保底不封頂的教學思路,學生們不僅能組出課本上出現的字,有些學生還能組出許多課外認識的字。

      3.搶卡片。老師把許多卡片放在黑板槽里,指名2—3人站在黑板前,按老師讀的字音,找出有關的卡片組成字,讀后組詞或說一句話,誰搶得多誰就可以得到一面小紅旗。

      4.編故事巧記字形。在教學中根據學生年齡特征和構字的特點,充分發揮學生的聯想去揭示漢字的造字原理和音、形、義的關系。通過直觀手段、形象語言、生動故事,把一個個抽象的漢字演繹活化成一幅幅圖畫或一段小故事。如:學“呆”時,教師邊講故事邊寫筆畫:“一個人張著大嘴巴(口),像木頭一樣一動不動,原來他在發呆。”

      5.變字小魔術。我結合語文百花園一中“這樣識字真有趣”組織了“變字小魔術”的游戲。選出一些簡單的字讓學生加一兩筆變成新字。如“日”,孩子們變出了:電、甲、由、申、田、白、百、目、旦等,“木”,變出了:本、禾、術、未、米等,課堂上,每個孩子都積極參與到“魔術”中,在游戲中學習,在交流中鞏固。

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